Causes Of Pantoea Agglomerans And Treatments

Causes Of Pantoea Agglomerans And Treatments Blog Featured ImageCauses Of Pantoea Agglomerans And Treatments Blog

Pantoea agglomerans previously known as Enterobacter agglomerans is a gram-negative bacillus that belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae. Pantoea agglomerans has beneficial roles in antibiotic production as an immune potentiator in cancer patients. It is also helpful for biopesticide and food preservation. It is the common cause of infections and at the same time, it is a rare cause of opportunistic infections from wound infection. This infection is usually acquired from contaminated medical equipment, contaminated fluids, and plants.

Who Are At High Risk Of This Infection?

Since this infection can penetrate deep into the bones and bloodstream, it can be life-threatening if not treated immediately and correctly. Individuals who are at high risk of getting pantoea agglomerans infections are those patients after surgery, those who have pneumonia, or in other words, those who are immunocompromised, or those with weakened immune systems. It is diagnosed through positive cultures from specimens such as; blood, pus, urine, and central venous line sample.

What Causes Pantoea Agglomerans?

Based on clinical outcomes, these are the significant causes of infection that lead to bacteremia outbreaks.

  • Exposure to contaminated medical equipments
  • Exposure to contaminated intravenous fluids; example patients receiving hemodialysis and blood transfusion for adults, and intravenous hydration or contaminated powdered milk for infants
  • Ingestion of fruits and vegetables with pantoea agglomerans
  • Wound infection from plant thorn, or open wounds in contact with plant residing bacteria
  • Patients with GERD and untreated viral hepatitis are associated with a high rate of bacteremia.

Signs And Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms
  • Change in blood cell count
  • Anemia
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation
  • Hypotension
  • Shock


Patients with infections caused by pantoea agglomerans can be treated successfully with the right antibiotics. Below are the antibiotics used with a 100% rate of effectiveness.

  • Cefotaxime
  • Gentamicin
  • Cefotaxime
  • Ampicillin
  • Fosfomycin
  • Imipenem
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Ceftazidime

The treatment caused by polymyxin B-immobilized has a 100% effectivity rate. This procedure removes lipopolysaccharide from gram-negative organisms. In most adult cases, related diseases or infections caused by pantoea agglomerans are usually mild. However, it can lead to septicemia, multiple organ failure, and even death for infants and pediatric patients. Most patients started with wound superinfection and mostly occured in a medical environment. As mentioned, it is also from food, plants, or even in your garden. When you think you are not feeling right and experiencing some symptoms, see your doctor for immediate diagnosis and treatment.

Jene See
the authorJene See
A Home-based Entrepreneur and Blogger For me, being a home-based entrepreneur, parent and blogger has been quite an experience. Here’s how I got started on it all. Where I’ve been Becoming a blogger and a hardcore, home-based entrepreneur wasn’t exactly a planned career action for me. I can almost say I didn’t see it coming. It all started when I got pregnant with my first child. Back then, I was still working as a flight attendant, and I have to admit that I really loved my job. But when that baby came on board, I decided that I wanted to be as involved in my child’s life as I could possibly be. Once I’d made my decision, I swung into action. I quit my job and quickly made plans for a new (and different) life with the baby in mind. My foray into the glamorous world of entrepreneurship and blogging was a little more abrupt. This started a lot more recently.   I first came into contact with these products sometime around two years ago. In 2018, my aunt-in-law would be the first person to preach to me the wonders of Aulora Kodenshi. I confess that I was very skeptical back then. As I mentioned earlier, I didn’t see myself as an entrepreneur (or even a blogger for that matter). I felt I was comfortable in my role as a housewife and that picking up endeavors like that was for people who had more money to “waste.” I decided to continue to keep my focus as a good mother and an ideal housewife. The plan was, if I kept feeding my family good food and making sure that they all exercised regularly, there wouldn’t ever be a need to buy any of the products my husband’s aunt talked to me about. As it turned out, I’d not end up buying the products; I’d also become one of its most vocal advocates. How I Got Here Our second child got a case of eczema when she was about 18 months old. Ever since that time, every so often, she’d have a rather severe outbreak. The doctors would always tell us it was nothing serious, nothing to bother about, and we believed them for the most part. A reason for this was that almost like clock-work, she’d always get better after every 3-6 months. All of this changed though in February 2019. She had an outbreak, and we thought it was normal until she scratched so hard she drew blood. We tried everything to no avail. Frustrated, I decided to try SHIRUTO, one of the many products from BE International. In no time at all, the eczema and even the scars cleared up. I was so excited, I took to my social media page to share my joy, and that’s how I got into blogging and entrepreneurship. Plans for the Future I’m happy with where I am right now. I have a healthy family with a career I want to see grow. I don’t conform to the classic stay-at-mom routine of waking early in the morning. I do my best work at night when everyone’s happy and rested. The goal is to continue to remain healthy and inspire everyone around me to be free and keep those positive vibes flowing strong!
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