Thyroid Disease Causes And Symptoms

Thyroid Disease Causes And Symptoms Blog Featured ImageThyroid Disease Causes And Symptoms Blog

Where is the thyroid gland and why is it important? The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in front of your windpipe. While it is not the biggest of glands, it produces the thyroid hormone, one of the essential hormones due to its overall effect on our bodies. The pituitary gland also regulates the hormone production by the thyroid.

What Does Thyroid Hormone Do In Our Bodies?

To understand the thyroid hormone’s function, we could look at it as a hormone that makes processes faster. A lot of biochemical and physiological processes occur in the body for it to carry out its functions. The thyroid hormone (under standard conditions) affects every cell in the body to make these go at enough rate to make sure the body functions properly.

How Can Thyroid Gland Malfunction Affect The Body?

When thyroid glands malfunction and produces too much or too little thyroid hormone due to a specific anatomical or physiological abnormality, the effects on the body can be very profound and widespread. Below, we will look at some causes of thyroid disease and symptoms that may indicate that thyroid disease is present.

Causes Of Thyroid Disease

Effect wise, we can look at Thyroid disease as belonging in two broad categories. One of these causes the thyroid gland to too little thyroid hormone; a condition called hypothyroidism. The others cause the thyroid gland to produce too much hormone, a condition called hyperthyroidism. Neither of these is optimal for our body function and performance. Any of the following factors can cause hypothyroidism:

  • Pituitary gland sending too little stimulatory hormone to the thyroid gland
  • Thyroid surgery destroying a part of the thyroid gland
  • Autoimmune conditions, e.g., Hashimoto disease
  • Radiation therapy
  • A side effect of certain medications

Any of the following factors can cause hyperthyroidism:

Signs And Symptoms Of Thyroid Disease

These can be divided into the signs of hypothyroidism (too little thyroid hormone production) and hyperthyroidism (excessive thyroid hormone production).


This condition occurs when the thyroid gland produces inadequate amounts of Thyroid hormone, leading to a fall in the rate of basal body metabolism and other physiological processes.

Common Signs And Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism


The thyroid hormone is responsible for increasing the rate of metabolic processes, including those that generate energy. When there is not enough thyroid hormone in the body, the body energy production is inadequate, and constant fatigue results.

Reduced Heart Rate

In hypothyroidism, the heart rate falls due to the loss of the stimulatory effect of thyroid hormone on heart rate.

Weight Gain

This is due to the drop in metabolic rate due to insufficient thyroid hormone levels. Burning calories becomes more complex in hypothyroidism. Other signs of hypothyroidism include:

  • Thinning hair
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Elevated blood cholesterol levels
  • Impaired memory function


This happens when the thyroid gland produces excess thyroid hormone with a consequent rise in basal body metabolism. Common causes of hyperthyroidism include:

Graves’ Disease

This condition is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system forms antibodies that act as thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins. This is the most common reason for hyperthyroidism.


Tumors of the thyroid gland can cause it to enlarge and produce too much thyroid hormone. Similarly, tumors of the pituitary gland can cause it to produce excessive thyroid-stimulating hormones.

  • Thyroiditis or inflammation of the thyroid gland
  • Excessive amounts of thyroid hormone taken as supplements or medication

Symptoms Of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism symptoms are related to the thyroid gland’s hyper-functioning, causing the body’s metabolic rate to become too high. Common symptoms arising from this and which mostly are the inverse of those found in hypothyroidism include :

  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Tremors or shaking of the hand
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Excessive sweating
  • Weight loss
  • Exophthalmos- in which the eyes appear to bulge out
  • Restlessness
  • Nervousness
  • Insomnia

Goiter, visible enlargement of the thyroid gland, can occur in hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.

Jene See
the authorJene See
A Home-based Entrepreneur and Blogger For me, being a home-based entrepreneur, parent and blogger has been quite an experience. Here’s how I got started on it all. Where I’ve been Becoming a blogger and a hardcore, home-based entrepreneur wasn’t exactly a planned career action for me. I can almost say I didn’t see it coming. It all started when I got pregnant with my first child. Back then, I was still working as a flight attendant, and I have to admit that I really loved my job. But when that baby came on board, I decided that I wanted to be as involved in my child’s life as I could possibly be. Once I’d made my decision, I swung into action. I quit my job and quickly made plans for a new (and different) life with the baby in mind. My foray into the glamorous world of entrepreneurship and blogging was a little more abrupt. This started a lot more recently.   I first came into contact with these products sometime around two years ago. In 2018, my aunt-in-law would be the first person to preach to me the wonders of Aulora Kodenshi. I confess that I was very skeptical back then. As I mentioned earlier, I didn’t see myself as an entrepreneur (or even a blogger for that matter). I felt I was comfortable in my role as a housewife and that picking up endeavors like that was for people who had more money to “waste.” I decided to continue to keep my focus as a good mother and an ideal housewife. The plan was, if I kept feeding my family good food and making sure that they all exercised regularly, there wouldn’t ever be a need to buy any of the products my husband’s aunt talked to me about. As it turned out, I’d not end up buying the products; I’d also become one of its most vocal advocates. How I Got Here Our second child got a case of eczema when she was about 18 months old. Ever since that time, every so often, she’d have a rather severe outbreak. The doctors would always tell us it was nothing serious, nothing to bother about, and we believed them for the most part. A reason for this was that almost like clock-work, she’d always get better after every 3-6 months. All of this changed though in February 2019. She had an outbreak, and we thought it was normal until she scratched so hard she drew blood. We tried everything to no avail. Frustrated, I decided to try SHIRUTO, one of the many products from BE International. In no time at all, the eczema and even the scars cleared up. I was so excited, I took to my social media page to share my joy, and that’s how I got into blogging and entrepreneurship. Plans for the Future I’m happy with where I am right now. I have a healthy family with a career I want to see grow. I don’t conform to the classic stay-at-mom routine of waking early in the morning. I do my best work at night when everyone’s happy and rested. The goal is to continue to remain healthy and inspire everyone around me to be free and keep those positive vibes flowing strong!
    Your Cart
    Your cart is emptyReturn to Shop